Health Occupations
& Technology

Emergency Medical Technician

To be a successful Emergency Medical Technician you should…

  • have the ability to understand and follow instruction
  • have the ability to drive under adverse conditions
  • have the ability to work in a stressful environment
  • have the ability to make good decisions and use personal judgment
  • have the ability to apply interpersonal and patient skills with all age groups, including pediatric and geriatric patients as well as bystanders
  • have excellent listening skills
  • have the ability to lift, move, and secure patients

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Click here to view video.

What will my job be like?

Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) respond to health care crises such as heart attacks, unexpected childbirth, car accidents, and fires. EMTs use their knowledge and skills to provide basic and advanced life support to seriously ill or injured patients before these patients reach the hospital. Under the direction of a physician, EMTs are told how to proceed with medical care. They perform CPR, control bleeding, place splints on broken bones, and check pulse and respiration.

The EMT-Intermediate has more advanced training that allows administration of intravenous fluids, and use of advanced airway techniques and equipment to assist patients experiencing respiratory emergencies.

Where could I work?

EMTs and EMT-Intermediates work both indoors and outdoors, in all types of weather. EMTs work 40+ hours per week. Some of these workers, especially those in police and fire departments, are on call for extended periods. Because emergency services function 24 hours a day, EMTs have irregular working hours that require a significant time commitment.

The EMT’s work is not only physically strenuous, but may also be stressful, involving life-or-death situations and suffering patients. Nonetheless, many people find the work exciting and challenging, and enjoy the opportunity to help others.

Other workplace settings:
  • Ambulance Companies
  • Rescue or Aeromedical Services
  • Hospital Emergency Rooms
  • Private Industry
  • Educational Institutions
  • Government Agencies

What is the average annual salary?


What is the future of this career?

Employment of emergency medical technicians and paramedics is expected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations through 2014, as full-time paid EMTs and paramedics replace unpaid volunteers. As population and urbanization increase, and as a large segment of the population—aging baby boomers—becomes more likely to have medical emergencies, demand will increase for EMTs and paramedics.

What type of education and/or training do I need?

Formal training and certification is needed to become an EMT or EMT-Intermediate. Training is offered at progressive levels: EMT-Basic, Intermediate, or Paramedic. EMT-Basic represents the first level of skills required to work in the emergency medical system. EMT-Intermediate training requirements vary from state to state. Basic EMT education requires 140 hours of training along with 20+ hours of clinical observation time on ambulances and in local emergency rooms.

Where can I get the education and/or training?

  • American Professional Educational Services, Norwich
  • Asnuntuck Community College, Enfield
  • Capital Community College, Hartford
  • Hartford Hospital School of Allied Health, Hartford
  • Manchester Community College, Manchester
  • New Britain Emergency Medical Services Academy, New Britain
  • Tunxis Community College, Farmington
  • Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven

Do I need a license or certification for this career?

Certification is required in the state of Connecticut. Prerequisite: Connecticut requires U.S. D.O.T., EMT-B training program; State practical and written exam.

Where can I get more information?

National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians
132-A East Northside Drive
Clinton, MS 39056

National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
Rocco V Morando Building, 6610 Busch Boulevard
Columbus, OH 43229